How to control the quality in industrial aluminum processing?

by:Zeyi     2021-04-30
Although the industrial aluminum processing and production process is not complicated, each link is extremely important. If even one of the links fails, the final industrial aluminum profile profile produced is a defective product, so we must always pay attention to it during production. Most industrial aluminum production includes three processes of melting, extrusion and oxidation:       1. Casting: Casting is the first process of aluminum production. The main process is: 1) Ingredients: According to the specific alloy grades to be produced, calculate the addition amount of various alloy components, and reasonably match various raw materials. 2) Smelting: The prepared raw materials are melted in the melting furnace according to the process requirements, and the slag and gas in the melt are effectively removed by degassing and slagging refining methods. 3) Casting: Under certain casting process conditions, the molten aluminum is cooled and casted into round casting rods of various specifications through a deep well casting system. 2. Extrusion: Extrusion is a means of forming aluminum profiles. First, design and manufacture a mold according to the profile product section, and use an aluminum extruder to extrude the heated round cast rod from the mold. The commonly used aluminum material, 6063 alloy, also uses an air-cooling quenching process and subsequent artificial aging process during extrusion to complete the heat treatment strengthening. Different grades of heat-treatable and strengthened alloys have different heat treatment systems. After strengthening, the W-20 Webster hardness tester can be used for hardness test. 3. Oxidation: The surface of the extruded aluminum alloy profile is not strong in corrosion resistance. It must be surface treated by anodic oxidation to increase the corrosion resistance, wear resistance and appearance of the aluminum. The main process is: 1) Surface pretreatment: clean the surface of the profile by chemical or physical methods to expose the pure matrix, so as to obtain a complete and dense artificial oxide film. It is also possible to obtain a mirror or matte (matt) surface by mechanical means. 2) Anodizing: The surface pretreatment of the profile, under certain process conditions, the surface of the substrate will be anodized to form a dense, porous, and strong adsorption AL203 film. 3) Sealing: The pores of the porous oxide film formed after anodization are closed to enhance the anti-pollution, corrosion resistance and wear resistance of the oxide film. The oxide film is colorless and transparent. Using the strong adsorption of the oxide film before sealing, some metal salts can be adsorbed and deposited in the film pores, which can make the appearance of the profile show many colors other than the natural color (silver white), such as: black, bronze, Golden yellow and stainless steel color, etc. ps: Aluminum profile processing manufacturers should always supervise and control the above processes, and must pay attention to the processing and production, so as to avoid the final product that does not meet the customer's requirements, which may cause direct material loss, and it may affect the customer. Further cooperation. ————The article comes from the Internet. If there is any infringement, please contact to delete it.
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