New energy vehicles buck the trend, and the aluminum alloy industry welcomes new opportunities

by:Zeyi     2021-08-10
In 2018, the automotive industry, one of the three major application areas of the aluminum industry, fell into a downturn, while new energy vehicles bucked the trend and performed extremely eye-catching.  According to data, in the first November of 2018, the sales of new energy vehicles increased by 68% year-on-year to 1.03 million units, breaking the 1 million unit mark, which means that my country's new energy vehicle market has officially risen. The sales of new energy vehicles are expected to increase by 5% in 2019, and the annual sales are expected to reach about 1.7 million vehicles, an increase of over 40% year-on-year.   Although my country's auto market is currently in a recession, it is still the world's most potential auto market. The current level of car ownership in China is about 169 vehicles per thousand people, which is only 30%-50% of the mature market. According to relevant data, by 2020, the annual sales volume of new energy vehicles in China will reach more than 5% of the total automotive market demand, and increase to about 20% in 2025. In 2030, the annual sales volume of new energy vehicles will continue to increase significantly, exceeding Ten million vehicles. New energy vehicles are different from traditional cars in that they use batteries as power to drive the car. They are limited by the weight of the power battery, the mileage of the power battery, and the high pressure of the automobile energy saving and emission reduction policy. In terms of vehicle design and material application, its body Lightweight has become the first issue for car companies to think about. Therefore, battery-driven new energy vehicles are more urgently demanding body weight reduction than traditional vehicles.  In the automotive lightweight materials, the comprehensive cost performance of aluminum alloy profiles is higher than that of steel, magnesium, plastics and composite materials. It has comparative advantages in terms of application technology, operational safety and recycling applications. The density of aluminum material is only 1/3 of that of steel, its weight reduction and energy saving effects are obvious, and it can better enhance the comfort of riding under the premise of ensuring safety. At the same time, aluminum materials are becoming easier to recycle and use. The comprehensive cost-effective advantages of aluminum have determined it to become the choice for automotive lightweight applications. For example: a Jaguar XEL aluminum alloy body frame, which uses high-strength aluminum alloy, reduces the weight of the vehicle model by about 150 kg; the hybrid all-aluminum body frame built by Aluminum Corporation of China and Geely, the body-in-white weighs 410 kg, compared with steel The body weight is reduced by 30%; there are also a series of products and related technical solutions around aluminum alloy wheels, aluminum alloy battery packs, trays, aluminum alloy firmware, etc.   The rapid growth of the new energy vehicle market will drive the development of new energy vehicle batteries, lightweight body and auto parts and other industries. It will also bring infinite and broad market opportunities to China's aluminum industry.   At present, well-known domestic automobile brands such as Geely, Chery, Haima Automobile, etc. are continuously deepening cooperation with the aluminum industry, seeking breakthroughs on the road of lightweight research and development of automobiles. Although new energy vehicles are the growth point driving the development of the aluminum alloy industry, opportunities and challenges coexist. Compared with steel processing, aluminum alloy processing requires more complex technology, and failure to process can easily affect the overall safety and stability of new energy vehicles. Sex.   Therefore, whether aluminum processing companies can seize the future market blue ocean depends on their own strength.
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